Often he is also represented as spider monkeys, ducks, and other animals or beings of nature. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tla… The first century of the Toltec civilization was dominated by the Teotihuacán culture, with its inspired ideals of priestly rule and peaceful behaviour. This Deity is a Dragon King that rules over the sky in Aztec mythology and is the creator of the fifth humanity. One such myth is that the Aztecs believed that Hernan Cortes, the leader of a band of conquistadors, was in fact a reincarnated deity by the name of Quetzalcoatl. He is often shown holding a shield and wearing a beautiful plumed headdress. Although he was generally listed as one of the first-rank deities, no ceremonial month was dedicated to his cult. He is the 9th of the 13 Lords of the Day and is often associated with the rain god Tláloc. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',700,'0','0']));This is evident in the iconography recovered from these sites. The Myth of Quetzalcoatl: Religion, Rulership, And History In The Nahua World. Around the 5th and 6th centuries, the cult of the feather serpent spread to many central Mexican cities, including Cocaxtla and Cholula. I decided to teach you a little bit of my culture..... Quetzalcoatl was a very important god in the aztec deitites.... sooo i hope you like it! This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Quetzalcoatl, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Quetzalcoatl, Quetzalcóatl - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Quetzalcóatl - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He helped create the cosmos and instigated the system of universal death and rebirth. ... Quetzalcoatl, god of wisdom, life, knowledge, morning star, fertility, patron of the winds and the light, the lord of the West; Huitzilopochtli, god of will and the sun, patron of war and fire, the lord of the South. His older brothers were Xipe Totec and Tezcatlipoca while his younger brother was Huitzilopochtli. He figures most prominently in the Aztec mythology but it was in the city of Cholula that the cult of Quetzalcoatl enjoyed influence and prominence during the Classic Period of Mesoamerica. In the 17th century, Ixtlilxóchitl, a descendant of Aztec royalty and historian of the Nahua people, wrote, "Quetzalcoatl, in its literal sense, means 'serpent of precious feathers', but in the allegorical sense, 'wisest of men'." Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli (in some stories, Quetzalcoatl is regarded as the son of the virgin goddess Chimalman), was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. Britannica now has a site just for parents! 1 Appearance 2 Overview 3 History 4 Gallery He appears as a mix of bird and rattle snake and his name is a combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal, the emerald plumed bird, and coatl or serpent. Representations of a feathered snake occur as early as the Teotihuacán civilization (3rd to 8th century ce) on the central plateau. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',341,'0','0']));By the Late Classic Period (600AD-900AD), it appears that the worship of Quetzalcoatl had spread throughout the Mesoamerican region. But the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, expelled him from Tula by performing feats of black magic. He was also the ninth of the 13 gods of the daytime hours. Round monuments occur particularly often in Huastec territory. Aztec God Quetzalcoatl – According to Aztec mythology, Earth had been through four cycles of Sun, each of which resulted in the destruction of mankind. The subsequent Toltec culture (9th through 12th centuries), centred at the city of Tula, emphasized war and human sacrifice linked with the worship of heavenly bodies. Quetzalcoatl occupied a unique position in the Aztec pantheon and was considered one of the most important gods. He is shown sometimes as a serpent and sometimes as a dark man with a red beak. Hernan Cortes, who led the Spaniards, was first invited into the city by Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II. The city of Cholula, in particular, was known for the importance it laid on the deity of the feathered serpent. The power to have the traits and abilities of gods and goddesses from Aztec mythology. The west is represented by Quetzalcoatl who is also the White Tezcatlipoca and the god of light, justice, mercy, and wind. Quetzalcóatl’s defeat symbolized the downfall of the Classic theocracy. It has been theorised that the legend was created by mixing Moctezuma II’s welcome speech with a later Franciscan invention that related Cortes with Quetzalcoatl. There is also rich iconography, sculpture, and mythology associated with Quetzalcoatl among all the major cultures of Mesoamerica not just in history but also in the modern world. In one version of the myth, the two brothers constantly fight with each other, which resulted in the creation and destruction of several successive ages. Basalt statuette of the god Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Different versions of the birth of god are prevalent in Mesoamerican mythology. Quetzalcoatl taught many of the same things as Kukulcan and once Spanish conquistadors began to arrive in Mesoamerica they were also accepted as gods by the Aztecs. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge, patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen. Quetzalcoatl was searching for the bones of the creatures from the previous world of the 4th Sun in order to make mankind. According to Aztec mythology, Earth had been through four cycles of Sun, each of which resulted in the destruction of mankind. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. This constitutes the Late Pre-Classic Period of the Mayan civilization. In this legend, Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma for spurning his advances. Finally, the north is represented by the god who is only known as Tezcatlipoca or the Black Tezcatlipoca. Quetzalcóatl, Mayan name Kukulcán, (from Nahuatl quetzalli, “tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno],” and coatl, “snake”), the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. If you have enjoyed this video, please leave a like as it helps a lot. In the Aztec creation myth Mictlantecuhtli attempted to delay the god Ehecatl-Quetzalcóatl on his journey into Mictlán. Quetzalcoatl is a Mesoamerican god whose name literally means “feathered serpent”. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',321,'0','0']));His most prominent manifestation in art, however, is literally that of a serpent with a feathered head. Quetzalcoatl is the most recognizable name among the Aztec gods. Outside of Tenochtitlán, the main centre of Quetzalcóatl’s cult was Cholula, on the plateau region called Mesa Central. In the 16th century, Spaniards conquered the Aztec Empire. In the extant Mayan sources, it has been revealed that Quetzalcoatl, or the Feathered Serpent, was associated with warfare as well as fertility. Together they symbolize life and death. To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. With the immigration of Nahua-speaking tribes from the north, Quetzalcóatl’s cult underwent drastic changes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Stone sculptures such as the Aztec Feathered Serpent were made by Aztec artisans, and were routinely used for display in the worship of the Aztec gods. Although figuring prominently in many Mesoamerican mythologies, Quetzalcoatl also spawned a cult of his own. Quetzalcoatl /ˌkɛtsælkoʊˈɑːtəl/ is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". The south is represented by Huitzilopochtli who is the Blue Tezcatlipoca and the god of war. He was worshiped among all the major cultures of the Mesoamerican region through history. The Myth of Quetzalcoatl: Religion, Rulership, And History In The Nahua World Paperback – November 7, 2015, Learn more about Quetzalcoatl at WikiPedia, Copyright - 2021 - Aztecs and Tenochtitlan. The famed Aztec Feathered Serpent God Son of Creator God biggie Ometecuhtli, he also makes the odd appearance as Ehecatl. Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs. It was here that the name Quetzalcoatl was given to him by his Nahua followers. Quetzalcoatl was an important god throughout Mesoamerican history and societies and was not just related to the Aztecs. Amongst the tricks and difficult tasks Mictlantecuhtli set was to insist that Quetzalcoatl could only take the bones away with him if he went around the underworld four times blowing a conch-shell trumpet. Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in the Chamber of Deputies, Paris, France. Aztec Gods Quetzalcoatl Tezcatlipoca – Quetzalcoatl occupied a unique position in the Aztec pantheon and was considered one of the most important gods. As the god of learning, of writing, and of books, Quetzalcóatl was particularly venerated in the calmecac, religious colleges annexed to the temples, in which the future priests and the sons of the nobility were educated. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. Quetzalcóatl became the god of the morning and evening star, and his temple was the centre of ceremonial life in Tula. Quetzalcoatl was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs and other peoples of Central America. Quetzalcoatl has been worshiped by all the major Mesoamerican cultures including the Mayans and the Aztecs. Aztec God Quetzalcoatl – According to one myth, Quetzalcoatl was born to a virgin called Chimalman to whom god Onteol appeared in a dream. Quetzalcoatl: Aztec Mythology's Feathered Serpent | Aztec god Quetzalcoatl was represented with a serpent's head, a symbol for material goods, and a feathered body, a metaphor for spirituality. While this legend is disputed, it is clear that Quetzalcoatl was an important deity to the Aztecs and other people of Mexico and Central America. Aztecs worshiped a similar god, Quetzalcoatl, who also matches the description of Kukulcan. However, independent historical sources do not substantiate this claim and later historians have disputed it as well. 1 Capabilities 2 Deities 2.1 Major Deities 2.2 Other Deities 2.3 Folk Saint Deities 3 Associations 4 Known Users 4.1 Anime/Manga 4.2 Television 4.3 Cartoons/Comics 4.4 Video Games 5 Gallery The user can have the traits and abilities of Aztec Gods and Goddesses. Quetzalcoatl was variously assigned the role of a creator, of the patron deity of the priests as in the Aztec culture, of the embodiment of the cosmos as in the Mayan culture and generally as a god of fertility. These sources further claimed that it was because of this superstition that Moctezuma II invited Cortes as a guest and didn’t harm him or his soldiers. Updates? Omissions? As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. According to this myth, the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, one of them being Quetzalcoatl, represent the four cardinal directions. He was also associated with the creation of mankind, so he also possibly occupied the role of creator in the Aztec mythology. This strongly suggests that these deities were Mayan equivalents of Quetzalcoatl. © Copyright 2021 aztecsandtenochtitlan.com. Quetzalcoatl was the third son of the dual creator god Ometeotl. Mexica culture. According to the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was one of the four sons of Tonacateuctli and Tonacacihuatl, the original creator gods . Other legends posited that Quetzalcoatl was the son of the goddess Chimalma. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Sculptures such as the one above were made purely by hand with obsidian (volcanic glass) and stone tools. The east is represented by Xipe Totec who is the Red Tezcatlipoca and the god of gold and farming. The attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied in different cultures of Mesoamerica during different eras. 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