Many writers forget the second hyphen: Without the second hyphen, the sentence is about an "old child.". But do not hesitate to hyphenate a rare usage if it avoids confusion. Here, small-town is used as an adjective even though it contains a noun (town). Hyphens can also be used to indicate the division and continuation of a word that is cut off at the end of a line. The slacker was a video gamer. Those long straight lines draw your eye and hold your attention. Watch this video to learn the correct ways to use hyphens. Examples: I must re-press the shirt. For example, That is due to small-town politics. They insert information into a sentence and introduce lists. Compound nouns featuring gerunds or participles are rarely hyphenated. For whether to hyphenate compound verbs and compound nouns (back-check but backstab; co-occurrence but cooperation; fundraising but fund-raiser), check the dictionary. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. 2.your mother of earl necklace and earrings will took beautiful with that dress They notify the reader that two or more elements in a sentence are linked. The hyphen is the shortest of the three horizontal marks that may be used in the middle of a sentence. Would love your thoughts, please comment. In the past, many words used hyphen but now they have become a single word. Using Hyphens . Use a hyphen with the prefix re-when it stands for "again" and there is confusion with another word. No-meater is too confusing without the hyphen. Use a hyphen with a prefix to clarify a word. The punctuation mark should not be confused with dashes (–, —), which are generally longer. Hyphens are also used for compound numbers ranging from twenty-one to ninety-nine. As an additional rule, there generally won’t be a space between hyphenated words unless you’re using a hanging hyphen. With hyphen: Springfield has little-town charm. We have a two-year-old. “Computer related” is a compound adjective and whether or not you should use a hyphen depends on where it is located in the sentence. Examples: Otherwise just use what 'looks right.' For example, when writing about a specific range of years or pages. When using numbers, hyphenate spans or estimates of time, distance, or other quantities. Hyphens are used in two ways: to split a word or to join words. self-assured If you're unsure whether to use the two-word version or the hyphenated version, then opt for the hyphenated version. Examples: semi-invalid; inter-related; 6. Hyphenate fractions if all of the numbers are spelled out. There are several cases in which hyphens are used, but each case has its own specific rules that you should be aware of. Rule 4. Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. Correct: A five-and-one-half-foot-long sign. When used predicatively (usually after the verb to be), compound adjectives are not usually hyphenated. Compound words often change their styling over time, with many starting open, then being hyphenated, and finally settling into closed form. There have been a lot of break-ins in this neighborhood recently. It connects two words into a compound word. 4. Home Comics Games Books Blog Quizzes About Contact RSS. a twentieth century throwback. 3:15–3:45 p.m. Hyphens are often used to tell the ages of people and things. Use a hyphen when joining a letter with a word, as in an A-frame house. If not, consult a dictionary. When to use a hyphen. Examples: A hyphen is what appears when you just press the button next to the zero key. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. The student bought a new 12-month desk calendar. If you are using the prefix re-, and the final word could be confused with another existing word, you will need to add a hyphen to show which word you mean. Although they look similar, dashes and hyphens are used very differently. When Do I Use a Hyphen?. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that is used to join words or to separate the syllables of a single word. When writing out new, original, or unusual compound nouns, writers should hyphenate whenever doing so avoids confusion. We have a two-year-old child. More than one-third of registered voters oppose the measure. The hyphen can be used in compound words, to link words to prefixes, and also as a way to show word breaks Copyright by Jane Straus/GrammarBook.com. Modernist-style paintings Instead, use the hyphen! Examples: Hyphens are also commonly used to divide words that fall at the end of a line of text and continue on the next line. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. En dashes connect continuing numbers, such as dates, times and pages. The stamps have been reissued. However, other editors prefer hyphenating all compound modifiers, even those with low risk of ambiguity. My grandson and my granduncle never met. Use a hyphen when two or more words act as a single adjective before a noun. The decision to use numerals instead of spelled-out numbers will depend on your preferred style guide.Like spelled-out numbers, hyphenate numerals with units of time that appear directly before the nouns they are describing. These are of many types, and the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen is to consult a dictionary. Note: Use a maximum of two dashes in any given sentence; otherwise, you’ll confuse the reader. While most of our site should function with out, we recommend turning it back on for a better experience. Do not hyphenate half brother or half sister. Many editors do not hyphenate certain well-known expressions. 5. More Comics. In describing family relations, great requires a hyphen, but grand becomes part of the word without a hyphen. They believe that set phrases, because of their familiarity (e.g., high school, ice cream, twentieth century), can go before a noun without risk of confusing the reader. oil-based sludge. Example: an ice cream cone Examples: ], Apostrophe (‘) or (’) Useful Apostrophe Rules with Examples. Overusing dashes can break up the flow of your writing, making it choppy or even difficult to follow, so don’t overdo it. For instance, is a book up to date or up-to-date? Long dashes — what grammarians call em dashes — are dramatic. The hyphen (-), the shortest, is used to join multiple words that function together as a single concept, a.k.a. Use a hyphen to connect two words in a compound modifier to clarify meaning, but don’t use a hyphen after adverbs ending in -ly (a much-loved aunt but a deeply loved aunt). 2 A 45-day drought damaged the soybean crops.. Hyphens are punctuation marks used to link multiple words. 4. wiretap-proof. 2. Incorrect: I need to recover the bedroom furniture before they start painting. If the one-word version of a compound noun exists, then you should use it. However, some established compound adjectives are always hyphenated. If not, consult a dictionary. The shortest of the dashes, hyphens can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words. Use a hyphen with prefixes. They show where a word is to be divided at the end of a line of writing. Find out more in a Bitesize KS2 English guide. Would you like us to explain when to use each of them? ultra-ambitious Incorrect: The sign is five-and-one-half feet long. Hyphens are used to make reading a word easier, and sometimes words that started out as hyphenated will eventually become a single word. Rule 2. More than a third of registered voters oppose the measure. I changed my diet and became a no-meater. Rule 1. Q: Yes please. 3.twenty five guests arrived an hour early because of a mistake on the invitations. These are of many types, and the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen is to consult a dictionary. Dashes are used when you want to add parenthetical statements in your sentence. Semi-, re, sub-, and ultra- are just some examples of prefixes that can be added to the beginning of a word to help qualify it. Hyphen or no hyphen? co-worker When to Use a Hyphen. Examples: When they are used there’s no space between them and the word or word part. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. Hyphens showing word breaks. Words that could be misunderstood. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—). One last hyphen usage rule: The Associated Press (AP) Stylebook, which Vela follows as its in-house style guide, uses a hyphen with no spaces around it to indicate ranges (Jan. 3-8). It’s also important to distinguish between dashes and hyphens. Some familiar phrases may require hyphens. When you use two words together as a single thought describing or modifying a noun and you put them before the noun, you should hyphenate them. This is mostly a clarification of Ex-user's answer. Examples: The same rules apply when writing out fractions. Use a hyphen with the prefix re when omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word. capitalized: pro-Freudian; a number: post-1970; an abbreviation: pre-UCS trial; more than one word: non-achievement-oriented students; All "self-" compounds whether they are adjectives or nouns. In short, a hyphen links words together. Are you a hyphen hater? Use a slash to show that two words share an interchangeable relationship; use a hyphen to join two words but keep their meanings separate. Correct: She is an Academy Award nominee. When a compound adjective follows a noun, a hyphen is usually not necessary. Chocolate-covered 2. Ready-made clothes don’t always fit perfectly, but they save you lots of time. No hyphens: The child is two years old. If you’re not sure whether a compound word has a hyphen or not, check your preferred dictionary. I have re-covered the sofa twice. 1. A good way to remember the difference between these two dashes is to visualize the en … You’ll use hyphens in a number of different circumstances, but the reason remains the same. (Or day, week, month, etc.). Use a hyphen to keep the same letters from running together, as in a still-life painting. With the hyphen, little-town becomes a compound adjective, making the writer's intention clear: Springfield is a charming small town. Although there are rules and customs governing hyphens, there are also situations when writers must decide whether to add them for clarity. Rule 8b. Omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with recover. When they come directly before a noun, they’re known as compound modifiers and usually have a hyphen, like “noise-canceling headphones.” Here are a few more examples: They had a long-term relationship. Hyphens with Numbers . trans-American With no hyphen we get coworker, which could be distracting because it starts with cow. The first time I saw you, I knew immediately that our love was heaven-sent. Hyphens are shorter lines (-); they are most often used to show connections between words that are working as a unit (for example, you might see adjectives like “well-intentioned”) or to spell certain words (like “e-mail”). Uh oh! : Underline? But long dashes aren’t just show-offs. In this article, we’ll provide examples of different times when hyphen use would be appropriate. A hyphen is “a short line (-) used to connect the parts of a compound word or the parts of a word divided for any purpose.” To type a hyphen just use the key after the 0 on your keyboard. 2. Use a hyphen when the prefix ends in the same letter the word begins. Don't guess; have a dictionary close by, or look it up online. Note: Most publishers use the slightly longer en dash instead of a hyphen in this situation. Examples: 300-325 people. #thisjustgotweird. Don’t be! The slacker video-gamed his way through life. 3. A: Um, okay. –CLS, in the United States. Examples: But do not hyphenate fractions introduced with a or an. On a Mac, hold down the Option key and type the minus sign located at the top of the keyboard. If that’s the case, it will look like this; The nineteenth- and twentieth-centuries were politically turbulent. one thousand two hundred twenty-one dollars. A hyphen is also used to separate numbers. In most cases, use a hyphen when simply adding on a prefix. When in doubt, look it up. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. 3. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that is used to join words or to separate the syllables of a single word. It becomes the verb scandalize by adding the suffix ize. En dashes. In traditional typography, a hyphen is half the length of a dash although in handwriting and often on computer keyboards they are the same size. Hyphenate Numerals with Units of Time before Nouns. Incorrect: 300—325 people A hyphen is also used to separate numbers. An en dash (–) is used when writing about a range of things that are related. See more examples of prefixes in Table 1. (The words in the compound adjective "three-page" are linked with a hyphen to show they are part of the same adjective.) It’s longer than a hyphen and is commonly used to indicate a range or a pause. There are two commandments about this misunderstood punctuation mark. En dashes are longer than a hyphen, but half the length of the em dash. Hyphens are used to make reading a word easier, and sometimes words that started out as hyphenated will eventually become a single word. It is shorter than an en dash (–) or an em dash (—). Other style guides, such as The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS), use an en dash without spaces instead. Some exceptions: -style, -elect, -free, -based. Some people join their surnames with a hyphen to create a new surname upon marriage. Rule 1. A loose rule is to use a hyphen when modifying another word. Examples: In many cases, you can use this punctuation mark or omit it, but always use a hyphen with “ex-” and “self-.”. With that background information in mind, let’s take a look at some ways to put dashes to work in your writing. I am going to re-cover the sofa. Q: Thanks. A hyphen is also used to separate syllables of a word when there is a line break, though this was more prevalent when type was set by hand rather than electronically. Often words with a prefix or suffix will use this mark to separate the prefix or suffix from the root word. a twentieth-century throwback. The hyphen makes concealed-weapons a compound adjective, so the reader knows that the writer meant a permit for concealed weapons. Examples: 1.The reporter was complimented on his hard hitting expose Omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with repress. Rule 9b. Use a hyphen between the suffix -elect and the root word. Use a hyphen to join words together to avoid ambiguity. To use … Rule 2a. Correct: 300-325 people. For example:Don’t hyphenate two-word descriptions if the first word ends in -ly: Hyphenate all compound numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine. [ ] Brackets (US), Square Brackets (UK) […. an off-campus apartment Rule 10. by Timothy McAdoo. a compound word. The word recover means to get better.) Learn how and when to use a hyphen (-) with useful punctuation rules and example sentences. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Post, anti, etc. ) a moment over danceathon and eelesque up to date or?... 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